Take the case of Mecca; it was here that Muslims were gathered to witness the revelation of Prophet Muhammad. In this matter, the events here are unique and the life of the people in this city has been one of great importance. In fact, there is no doubt that the community here has been marked by some of the most outstanding moments in its history.
During the first three Caliphs, they stood out as a community that was rich in achievements, but this was also marked by internal conflicts, social exclusion and a number of upheavals.
The work of Jahannam – and the rise of the Kharijites, which led to the downfall of the caliphate – are some of the crucial events in the history of the Islamic society. However, it has also been marked by the emergence of a Muslim state, which was founded in Khurasan. One of the contributions of this region to Islamic history is that it developed the concept of an Islamic state.
This concept, which was developed and led to the end of the Muslim rule in the region, was the final settlement between the basic human rights of the citizens and the established state. Another feature that the Arabs of Arabia contributed to the spread of Islam is that they were the first group that practiced literacy. Their sources of learning included poetry, faith and science.
They also contributed to the spread of Christianity in the region, especially through their writings in Syriac and Arabic. At the same time, they were the pioneers of new art forms and traditions, especially the architecture and calligraphy. Their artisans and scientists also worked on translating the Quran into many languages and in using this source of information for medicine and theology.
This community of Muslims remained small societies, to the extent that some people survived only up to the age of 10. Therefore, Islamic civilization has acquired a number of traits, which can be described as exceptional. At the same time, its place in the world and its contribution to other civilizations can be deemed extraordinary. In fact, many intellectuals attribute the Islamic civilization to human progress, progress based on individual liberty and progress that came about through self-improvement.
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By contrast, the Arabs that founded the Islamic society had a very idealistic concept and had a different view of mankind. They were against inequality, because they saw this as degrading. They also encouraged liberty and equality, which are values that can be traced in modern Europe. For this reason, there are similarities in the philosophy and the nature of people living in these two cultures.
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Another factor that distinguishes this civilization from others is that it valued the superiority of the religion over all else. This cannot be attributed to its immediate neighbors, as they did not have any qualms about respecting the various cultural aspects of the countries that were under their rule.
The Persian philosophy is also an important aspect in this regard. The rulers of the Arabian tribes made this philosophy a part of the Islamic philosophy.